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The Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
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eISSN : 2233-6842

Special Article

pISSN : 2233-6834
eISSN : 2233-6842
Editor in Chief : Jonghoon Park
The Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry - Vol. 23 , No. 2

Potential role of exercise-induced glucose-6-phosphate isomerase in skeletal muscle function

Seong Eun Kwak / Hyung Eun Shin / Di Di Zhang / Jihyun Lee / Kyung Jin Yoon / Jun Hyun Bae / Hyo Youl Moon / Wook Song

[Purpose] Recent studies have shown that glucose-6-phosphate isomerase (GPI)봶hich is a glycolysis interconversion enzyme봱educes oxidative stress. However, these studies are limited to tumors such as fibrosarcoma, and there are no studies that have examined the effects of exercise on GPI expression in mice skeletal muscle. Furthermore, GPI acts in an autocrine manner thorough its receptor, autocrine motility factor receptor (AMFR); therefore, we investigated expression level changes of secreted GPI from skeletal muscle in in vitro study to examine the potential role of GPI on skeletal muscle.

[Methods] First, we performed an in vitro study, to identify the condition that upregulates GPI levels in skeletal muscle cells; we treated C2C12 muscle cells with an exercise-mimicking chemical, AICAR. AICAR treatment upregulated GPI expression level in C2C12 cell and its secretomes. To confirm the direct effect of GPI on skeletal muscle cells, we treated C2C12 cells with GPI recombinant protein.

[Results] We found that GPI improved the viability of C2C12 cells. In the in vivo study, the exercise-treated mice group showed upregulated GPI expression in skeletal muscle. Based on the in vitro study results, we speculated that expression level of GPI in skeletal muscle might be associated with muscle function. We analyzed the association between GPI expression level and the grip strength of the all mice group. The mice group셲 grip strengths were upregulated after 2 weeks of treadmill exercise, and GPI expression level positively correlated with the grip strength.

[Conclusion] These results suggested that the exercise-induced GPI expression in skeletal muscle might have a positive effect on skeletal muscle function.

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